Thursday, September 8, 2022

Serbia - part1

I'm on the way to Serbia

Lovehansa A320neo plane in Munich
Descending in Belgrade

Trams in Belgrade are consisting of 10 lines and 43.5km 
Today, there are 3 types of trams, ČKD Tatra KT4, CAF Urbos, and Duewag Be 4/6. The last one is a donation from the city of Basel
Here is Tatra and Duewag
The city of Basel donated 28 trams of this type about 10 years ago

When the Second World war ended, the city was left with 11500 demolished housing units. During the post-war period, Belgrade grew rapidly as the capital of the renewed Yugoslavia, developing as a major industrial center. In 1948, the construction of New Belgrade started. New Belgrade developed on Le Corbusier's principles of the "sun city", which includes many green areas and infrastructure which can easily be upgraded. In general, the city developed in the style of urban modern architecture and is considered to be a major representative of that style, along with Brasilia in Brazil, Chandigarh in India, and Velenje in Slovenia. (Wikipedia)

Novi Beograd train station, opened in 1977 and renovated in 2014

The ŽS (former JŽ) class 412/416 is an electric multiple unit built for Yugoslav Railways (JŽ). The units are currently used by Serbian Railways (ŽS), Macedonian Railways (MŽ) and Montenegro Railways (ŽCG). In the early 1980s Yugoslav Railways ordered several passenger electric multiple-unit trains for Belgrade, Novi Sad, Skopje and Titograd sections (ŽTP). At half the price offered by a domestic Yugoslav competitor, JŽ series 410 EMU built by Goša, the Soviet ER31 (Russian: ЭР31) built by Rīgas Vagonbūves Rūpnīca (RVR) was chosen. (Wikipedia)
In 2019 there are 24 EMU train sets operational. Nine sets were overhauled with help of Belgrade city, being used with BG Voz - urban rail system that is operated by the public transit system of Belgrade. The rest of EMU train sets traffic on regional lines toward Prijepolje, Šid, Paraćin and Zaječar. (Wikipedia)

Since March 2022, there are ŽS 410 operated for service between Belgrade and Novi Sad on high-speed "Soko" intercity services.
Serbian version of Stadler Kiss EMU
In February 2019, Srbija Voz temporarily suspended transportation on Belgrade–Novi Sad railway, one of the country’s most frequent passenger routes, in February 2022, due to the railway line’s reconstruction. This line in now completely reconstructed and modernized and the Fast trains - named "SOKO" are going up to 200 km/h, connecting two biggest cities in 36 minutes. The route is 75km long and its reconstruction is currently extended from Novi Sad to Subotica, (border with Hungary) for the speed of 200 km/h as part of the modernization of the Belgrade-Budapest railway line. (Wikipedia)

Serbian Railways have ordered 21 FLIRT3 EMUs for regional traffic and were delivered in 2014 and 2015. In 2022 further 18 units were ordered with deliveries expected to start from 2023. Trains are numbered ŽS 413/417. (Wikipedia)

Taking Class 413 train to central Belgrade
The Belgrade Centre railway station is the new central railway station in Belgrade. Belgrade Centre station was opened on 26 January 2016

Saint Sava Temple

Unfortunately the new central train station is located a bit away from the center, with basically no good public transport connection, so I have to walk

E75 highway is passing right through central Belgrade

Belgrade has a mixture of all possible architecture styles

Good beer in Belgrade

Paying in trams is easy with contactless cards

Suburbs of Belgrade

Батајница (Batajnica) station 
Suddenly I see something I do recognize
The ŽS series 444 is an electric locomotive built for Serbian Railways. This series is originally based on the license of the Swedish company ASEA and the SJ Rb locomotive from Sweden. The 30 electric locomotives originally from series 441 of Serbian Railways have been modified by Končar Group from Zagreb, Croatia, and MIN (Mašinska Industrija Niš) from Niš, Serbia. The first modified locomotive, which received a new code number - ŽS series 444 (former 441-077), has become operational in the summer of 2004. (Wikipedia)
This locomotive utilises 25 kV/50 Hz AC.

Class 441 is the non-modernized version of same locomotive
Here it is in Nova Pazova

Stara Pazova


Time to look inside Class 412
Watch out for the dog
Looks ok, but not very modern

Topčider railway station is a historical railway station in Belgrade, capital of Serbia. It is located in the large Topčider park, south of the city center. Having been defunct for more than 30 years, it underwent a partial renovation in 2018 in order to support relocation of long distance motorail services on the Belgrade–Bar railway, following the closing of the Belgrade Main railway station. The station was again closed for passengers on 1 October 2021. (Wikipedia)

No more trains here

Once again I'm at Novi Belgrad station
Spotting the trams

CAF Urbos 3
Now on my way to the center by tram

Crossing the new Ada Bridge, where the trams operates since 2019
Duewag tram has still German messages

Aviation academy with Mig 21 plane
Belgrade zoo

View of Danube and Sava rivers

On my way back to Sweden

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