I'm in Catalonia, Spanish region fighting for independence. Today I will take Spanish high speed train from Barcelona to Madrid.
TGV is an acronym for Train à Grance Vitess in french
AVE is an acronym for Alta Velocidad Española
Madrid - Barcelona high speed line opened 2008, and for this line 32 high speed train were purchased from Siemens and they are a modified version of German ICE 3 trains.
Photo above: one of the so called emergency stations (PAET), which allows faster trains to overtake slower trains and parking of the rescue trains, it is also possible to be used in case of emergency.